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  1. I do not know anything about diamonds. What should I be concerned about when I buy a Diamond? Of the above described "4C's" and "2S's"

  2. What is the relationship between a diamond's size and its value?

  3. When choosing two pieces diamonds of the same weight and one looks bigger than the other, which is better?

  4. Which shape diamond is better?

  5. A diamond is very hard, why can it be broken?

  6. Can a diamond burn?

  7. How do I handle my diamond?

  8. What can I specifically do to care for my diamond(s)?

  9. What is the difference between 14k or 18k white gold and platinum?

  10. How do I get insurance for my jewelry?

Answers

  1. I do not know anything about diamonds. What should I ve-described "4 C's" and "2 S's", which is more important, color or clarity?

    • When selecting a diamond, color and clarity are both important, but choosing which one is even more important is like determining which of your eyes are more important. Make sure you balance all of the characteristics with color between G and J and clarity between VS2 and I1. The most economical choice is J color, VS2 clarity and a bigger size.

  2. What is the relationship between a diamond's size and its value?

    • A diamond on the "point" of 0.50 ct., 0.70 ct., 1.00 ct., 1.70 ct., and 2.00 ct. per carat is more expensive. If the diamond is off by the "point" by a little bit, it will be worth considerably less. For example, a 0.95 ct. diamond when compared to a 1.00 ct. diamond of the same color, quality and cutting will be worth 15 - 20% less. The relationship between a diamond's size and its value are the geometrical exponent. For example, the value of a one-piece 2.00 ct diamond is not equal to two 1.00 ct. diamonds of the same color, clarity and cutting; instead it is worth more than 4 pieces of 1.00 ct. diamonds of the same color, clarity and size.

  3. When choosing two pieces diamonds of the same weight and one looks bigger than the other, which is better?

    • Because a diamond's depth might be different, a deep diamond will look smaller than another diamond. It is important for a diamond to be in good proportion, but otherwise, it is generally better for a diamond to look bigger than smaller.

  4. Which shape diamond is better?

    • This really depends on personal preference, but based on value and popularity, the round brilliant cut is most popular, followed by the Marquise, heart shape and Princess cut. The princess cut is now popular, but always cut too deep, the same size diamond will look smaller than the other shapes.

  5. A diamond is very hard, why can it be broken?

    • A diamond is divided into hardness and toughness. The diamond is harder than most other materials, so the diamond can be used to scratch most other materials; but the diamonds toughness is less than some other materials. A diamond can scratch a metal hammer, but the hammer can shatter the diamond. Accordingly, when setting a diamond, a file cannot scratch the diamond, but a pair of pliers can chip or crush the edge or tip of the diamond. If you wear a diamond ring everyday, you do not need to worry about scratching it, but you need to remember that the diamond is fragile at its edge.

  6. Can a diamond burn?

    • A diamond will burn at about 700 to 900 degrees Celsius, which is much higher than the resistance of gold. You do not need to worry too much about heating the diamond, but if a fire occurs and the diamond is burned, the diamond may sustain surface damaged causing oxidation. The diamond will then lose its sparkle and need to be repolished with diamond powder. Therefore, if you resize a 14k gold or white gold diamond ring, you must put the ring into water and not point the heat directly at the diamond. The temperature should be adjusted upwards gradually and the highly heated diamond needs to be cooled down gradually instead of being put directly into cold water, which would crack the diamond.

  7. How do I handle my diamond?

    • Sour, salt, heat and color will not affect your diamond. However, be careful not to let your diamond hit something hard. Never drop your diamond on a cement floor. When you need to clean your diamond, you can use jewelry cleaner, rubbing alcohol or water, but do it far away from oily things. Do not touch your diamond with your fingers, because the oil will keep the diamond from sparkling.

  8. What can I specifically do to care for my diamond(s)?

    • When wearing a diamond ring or other jewelry, you will need to be careful not to let your jewelry hit other things or fall on concrete. If you do outside work, you should take your jewelry off first.

    • Every six months, you should take your diamond jewelry to the jewelry store for an inspection. They should make sure the prongs and the edges of the bezel is intact and strong.

    • Every month requires one cleaning. Submerge the jewelry in cleaner for 10 minutes, and then use a brush to clean it. After that, wash it with alcohol or water, then dry with soft cloth.

    • A pearl is made of organic substance and requires some air and moisture instead of being always stored in an airtight place. You should clean the pearl once every six months with water: then dry the pearl and put it back. When cleaning a pearl, you should ONLY use pearl cleaner.

    • All jewelry should be kept in separate compartments; do not let your pieces of jewelry touch each other. Ruby, Sapphire, Emerald, and other colored stones should not be able to touch others.

    • With a necklace, you need to be careful with its clasp. With a ring, you need to be careful with the prongs. With earrings, you need to be careful with the backing and with a bracelet, you need to be careful with its clasp and a safety chain is recommended.

  9. What is the difference between 14k or 18k white gold and platinum?

    • 14k or 18k white gold include 58.5% or 75% gold, with the alloys 41.5% or 25% and alloy that makes the gold change color. Platinum is a different metal all together that is more durable and heavier than gold and more expensive also. When used for jewelry, you must add 5% - 10% iridium to the platinum to make it stronger; otherwise, it is too soft and cannot set a stone. Some drawbacks to platinum are that it is easy to scratch and you cannot polish it very well.

  10. How do I get insurance for my jewelry?

    • All jewelry should be covered by insurance for loss due to theft or damage. Usually, a jewelry retailer/wholesaler only offers maintenance and repair and are not responsible for replacing items that are lost or stolen. You can obtain an appraisal from your jewelry store and submit the appraisal to your insurance company. Once you have a policy, keep it in a safe place.